People with Vitiligo develop white spots in the skin that vary in size and location. The spots occur when pigment cells, or melanocytes, are destroyed and the pigment melanin can no longer be produced. Melanocytes normally occur throughout the skin, and in the hair follicles, mouth, eyes, and some parts of the central nervous system. In Vitiligo, pigment cells can be lost in any of these areas.
Common sites of pigment loss are:
- Exposed areas: hands, face, upper part of the chest
- Around body openings: eyes, nostrils, mouth, nipples, umbilicus, genitalia
- Body folds: arm pits, groin
- Sites of injury: cuts, scrapes, burns
- Hair: early graying of hair of the scalp, beard or other areas
- Area immediately surrounding pigmented moles
- Choroid of the eye
Developed by PhotoMedex, the XTRAC® excimer laser offers new hope to individuals suffering from vitiligo. Using an intense beam of focused laser light, the XTRAC laser gets right to the area of concern, leaving healthy surrounding tissue alone.